Using PWM tools¶
This document describes how to setup a PWM-controlled laser or spindle
output_pin and some macros.
How does it work?¶
With re-purposing the printhead's fan pwm output, you can control
lasers or spindles.
This is useful if you use switchable print heads, for example
the E3D toolchanger or a DIY solution.
Usually, cam-tools such as LaserWeb can be configured to use
commands, which stand for spindle speed CW (
spindle speed CCW (
M4 S[0-255]) and spindle stop (
Warning: When driving a laser, keep all security precautions that you can think of! Diode lasers are usually inverted. This means, that when the MCU restarts, the laser will be fully on for the time it takes the MCU to start up again. For good measure, it is recommended to always wear appropriate laser-goggles of the right wavelength if the laser is powered; and to disconnect the laser when it is not needed. Also, you should configure a safety timeout, so that when your host or MCU encounters an error, the tool will stop.
For an example configuration, see config/sample-pwm-tool.cfg.
There is a limitation of how frequent PWM updates may occur. While being very precise, a PWM update may only occur every 0.1 seconds, rendering it almost useless for raster engraving. However, there exists an experimental branch with its own tradeoffs. In long term, it is planned to add this functionality to main-line klipper.
M3/M4 S<value> : Set PWM duty-cycle. Values between 0 and 255.
M5 : Stop PWM output to shutdown value.
If you use Laserweb, a working configuration would be:
GCODE START: M5 ; Disable Laser G21 ; Set units to mm G90 ; Absolute positioning G0 Z0 F7000 ; Set Non-Cutting speed GCODE END: M5 ; Disable Laser G91 ; relative G0 Z+20 F4000 ; G90 ; absolute GCODE HOMING: M5 ; Disable Laser G28 ; Home all axis TOOL ON: M3 $INTENSITY TOOL OFF: M5 ; Disable Laser LASER INTENSITY: S